Congas are a drum with a longstanding history in African music and rituals. These drums were originally made from barrels covered in a skin. More modern congas have a more tapered body, narrowing at the bottom. Today there are many different types of conga drums. The six main types of these drums are categorized based on their sizes and respective sounds. These drums are versatile and are used in a variety of music, like the Rumba, and are played in a variety of ways.
The six most common types of conga drums, by size from largest to smallest,are the supertumba, tumba, conga, quinto, requinto, and ricardo. The supertumba has the largest diameter and the deepest sound, while the ricardo is the smallest with the highest pitched sound. The supertumba has a diameter of 14 inches, creating more resonance than any of the other drums. It is usually played while standing. The tumba is usually between 12 and 12.5 inches in diameter, also having a deep tonal quality. The sound people normally think of when talking about conga drums comes from the conga which has a drum head that is between 11.5 and 12 inches. The quinto is usually about 11 inches across. The requinto, the second highest pitched drum, is usually about 10 inches in diameter. The smallest drum, the ricardo, is approximately nine inches in diameter and is usually played with a strap slung over the shoulder of the drummer. The ricardo sounds similar to a bongo drum.
Congas are often played in groups. They offer a sound quality that is ideal for drum circles and other similar atmospheres. Conga drums are also frequently used in salsa and rumba music, supplying the rhythms that are so essential for dancing. When played in a group of three using a supertumba, a tumba, and a congo is recommended. Another recommended grouping is tumba, conga, and quinto. When playing congas in groups it is a good idea to tune them to each other. This will make sure that the drums compliment each other well.
When tuning your conga drum it is important to consider a few tips. First of all, the drum is tuned by adjusting the head of the drum. The drum should be tuned so that the bass tones resonate. The open tones should ring. and the slaps should be able to pierce through the other sounds. If you follow these tips your congas will serve you well, both individually and in groups of other drums.
Congas have long been used in musical traditions for their communicative and expressive qualities. They provide a beat and rhythm that is popular in many popular forms of music and dance. Congas are the perfect addition to any musical performance. They also make the perfect addition to any drum collection. With the proper care, your congas can serve you in your musical endeavors and bring you joy for years to come.